Outline for the Final Paper Name Institution Date Introduction Thesis Paper: This

Outline for the Final Paper





Thesis Paper: This paper aims to argue that the use of life cycle assessments (LCA) tools contributes to the understanding of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with the lifecycle stages of electronic devices.

Purpose of the research paper: The major purpose of this study is to investigate digital device greenhouse gas emissions and evaluate them to the same life cycle assessment technique.

Part 1: Contributing Factors and Impacts

Electric supply technologies

This paper (Weisser, 2007) reviews and compares the results of various studies related to greenhouse gas emissions from various energy technologies. It emphasizes on the various steps involved in the downstream processing and generation of GHGs. This paper shows that the most significant reduction in GHG emissions can be achieved through various technologies.

Critical Influencing Factors

The household is a crucial area for assessing the environmental impacts of various activities. This sector’s consumption patterns should be identified to improve the efficiency of their consumption. This study (Ding et al., 2019)analyzed the various factors that contribute to the greenhouse gas emissions of Chinese city families. According to the findings, urban families’ global warming capacity surpassed five in 2014. Changing the power system, improving building lifespans, and lowering vehicle ownership have the greatest impact on the GWP of the Chinese city family. Green eating types were also identified, resulting in decreased energy consumption and improved overall wellbeing.


As the manufacturing industry transitions to a digital paradigm, it has the potential to become a massive source of power consumption data. The growth of widely accessible cloud products has simplified the storage of such data, while the cost of transmission and garage has significantly decreased. This research shows that there is no systematic evaluation methodology for CO2 emissions from various industrial digitalization additions as a tool for assessing the accelerated virtual transformation of production in a sustainable growth environment (Patsavellas & Salonitis, 2019).

Part 2. Applications

Life cycle Methodologies

This study aims to analyze how regional authorities use the lifestyles cycle methodologies in developing sustainable development applications. It also reviews the various systems and methods used for assessing and managing the region’s life cycle. It highlights the wide variety of approaches that are commonly utilized in addressing these problems (Balkau et al., 2021).


This article presents and analyzes examples of LCA being used to evaluate the environmental impact of electronics goods and techniques. Customer electronics, interconnect age and electric cars are among the topics covered.

To minimize greenhouse gas emissions and improve the mobility of people, various studies and enterprises are currently exploring the use of electric bicycles as part of their transportation solutions. This paper shows a conceptual framework for optimizing the strength savings of electric bicycles through a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. A study (Bucher et al., 2019) shows that the total greenhouse gas emission discounts of up to 10% can be achieved with a combination of electric cars and e-motor bikes. In addition, the willingness to push longer commutes via e-bike can help lower greenhouse gas emissions.

Part 3. Emerging Solutions

Carbon capture storage and utilization

Although a fuel switch can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, it cannot replace carbon when used for its chemical properties. This is especially true when used for certain industrial projects (Müller et al., 2020). For non-energy applications, such as transportation and industrial waste, carbon capture and reuse (CCU) is a strategy that can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It can be done in a truly circular economy and is expected to be ready when needed. This study is to give a thorough examination of the many repercussions of carbon capture and usage. It also examines the solutions’ life cycle assessment (Cuéllar-Franca & Azapagic, 2015).


Environmental problems are presently considered one of the most important issues in the world. The environmental problems are associated with negative effects on health, the economy, and the ecosystem. The problems are so complex that it is difficult to find effective solutions. The present study focuses on the green life cycle assessment tool (LCA) as one possible solution to the environmental problems (Cobas et al., 1995).


Andersen, O., Hille, J., Gilpin, G., & Andrae, A. S. (2014). Life cycle assessment of electronics. 2014 IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech). https://doi.org/10.1109/sustech.2014.7046212

Balkau, F., Bezama, A., Leroy-Parmentier, N., & Sonnemann, G. (2021). A review on the use of life cycle methodologies and tools in Sustainable Regional Development. Sustainability, 13(19), 10881. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910881

Bucher, D., Buffat, R., Froemelt, A., & Raubal, M. (2019). Energy and greenhouse gas emission reduction potentials resulting from different commuter electric bicycle adoption scenarios in Switzerland. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 114, 109298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.109298

Cobas, E., Hendrickson, C., Lave, L., & McMichael, F. (1995). Economic input/output analysis to aid life cycle assessment of Electronics Products. Proceedings of the 1995 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment ISEE (Cat. No.95CH35718). https://doi.org/10.1109/isee.1995.514989

Cuéllar-Franca, R. M., & Azapagic, A. (2015). Carbon capture, storage and Utilisation Technologies: A critical analysis and comparison of their life cycle environmental impacts. Journal of CO2 Utilization, 9, 82–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcou.2014.12.001

Ding, N., Liu, J., Kong, Z., Yan, L., & Yang, J. X. (2019). Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of Chinese urban household consumption based on process life cycle assessment: Exploring the critical influencing factors. Journal of Cleaner Production, 210, 898–906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.242

Müller, L. J., Kätelhön, A., Bachmann, M., Zimmermann, A., Sternberg, A., & Bardow, A. (2020). A guideline for life cycle assessment of Carbon Capture and Utilization. Frontiers in Energy Research, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2020.00015

Patsavellas, J., & Salonitis, K. (2019). The carbon footprint of manufacturing digitalization: Critical Literature Review and future research agenda. Procedia CIRP, 81, 1354–1359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2019.04.026

Weisser, D. (2007). A guide to life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from Electric Supply Technologies. Energy, 32(9), 1543–1559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2007.01.008