# MIS-655 Manipulating Data Elements in R Directions: Use the information below to

MIS-655 Manipulating Data Elements in R

Directions: Use the information below to complete this assignment.

For this assignment, utilize the “diamonds” dataset in the library “ggplot2.” You will need to install and load the library into your R environment to access the dataset.

Question 1: Load the “ggplot2” library into your R environment. Load the “diamonds” dataset into a new object called “ddat” for purposes of working through this assignment. Use the appropriate R functions to check that the data has loaded correctly (The dimensions of the dataset should be 53,940 observations of 10 variables). Use the View function to view the data in your R console and include a screenshot to show that the data loaded appropriately.

Question 2: Use the sapply function to find the mean of each column in the ddat dataset. Why does R give you a warning message when you execute this function?

Question 3: Using the aggregate function, find the median carat size for each cut of diamond. Use the same function to find the median sales price for each cut of diamond. Do Ideal cut diamonds generally have higher or lower median carat weight than Fair cut diamonds? Which cut of diamond has the highest median sales price?

Question 4: Occasionally when manipulating data, an analyst will want to group by more than 1 variable. Use the aggregate function to find the median carat size by the cut and the color of the diamond. Which color diamond has a median carat weight of 1.0 or more for all cuts?

Question 5: Load the “dplyr” library into your R environment. Use the filter function to create a new object called “fcdat” that only includes fair cut diamonds from the ddat dataset. Check to ensure that your filtering worked appropriately by checking the dimensions of the “fcdat” dataset. (The dimensions of the fcdat dataset should be 1,610 observations of 10 variables). Use the View function to view the “fcdat” data in your R console and include a screenshot to show that the data loaded appropriately.

Question 6: While the “dplyr” library makes data manipulation easier, R base functionality can generally achieve the same tasks with different code. Use R base functions (i.e., those in the base environment, not in a particular library) to create a new object called “icdat” that only includes ideal cut diamonds from the ddat dataset. Check to ensure that your filtering worked appropriately by checking the dimensions of the icdat dataset. (The dimensions of the icdat dataset should be 21,151 observations of 10 variables). Use the View function to view the “icdat” data in your R console and include a screenshot to show that the data loaded appropriately.

Question 7: Use the mutate function in dplyr to calculate “Price per carat,” which is the price of the diamond divided by the carat weight. Use R base functionality to create this field as a new variable in the dataset called PPC. (Hint: you can use mathematical operations on vectors and store the results in an object within a dataset using the \$ operator, such as ddat\$PPC). Use the summary function to show the minimum, median, mean, and maximum values for this new variable.

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## Week 4_DB 44 unread replies.44 replies. “Strangers in a new culture see

Week 4_DB

44 unread replies.44 replies.

“Strangers in a new culture see only what they know.” -Unknown

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Cross-cultural communication has become strategically important to companies due to the growth of global business, technology, and the Internet. It is not just big companies who are hiring and working with people from different cultures. Small businesses have also discovered unlimited growth potential and joined the force in shaping the world economy. Being able to communicate effectively in a global setting will enable businesses to achieve their goals (Rentz & Lentz, 2018).

But how to improve communication? Prior to 2010, Rakuten, a Japanese e-commerce powerhouse, had been a multilingual global company. The Japanese employees in the Tokyo headquarters communicated in Japanese, the Americans in the U.S. subsidiary spoke English, and the workers in Asia, Europe, and South America spoke a mixture of native languages. Translators were employed for cross-border communications. And the subsidiaries operated more or less autonomously, each with separate organizational cultures and norms. But in 2010, Rakuten’s founder and CEO, Hiroshi Mikitani, mandated an English-only policy for its workforce of over 10,000 employees. The initiative, dubbed “Englishnization” shocked Rakuten’s 7,000 or so Japanese employees — 95 percent of whom did not speak English (Neeley, 2017).

References

Neeley, T. (2015). Global teams that work. Harvard Business Review, October issue.

Neeley, T. (2017). The language of global success: How a common tongue transforms multinational organizations. Strategy+Business. https://www.strategy-business.com/article/When-a-Japanese-Company-Adopted-English-as-a-First-Language?gko=583eb (Links to an external site.)

Rentz, K., & Lentz, P. (2018). Business Communication: A problem-solving approach. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

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Your Task: Should all international companies adopt English-only policy? How to manage cross-culture communications?

Please post your initial thread by Wednesday and respond to at least one person by Sunday.[supanova_question]

## Supporting Media Content

LogoTyrese Dampier’s profile imageKimberly Craft’s profile imageTerm C202112Section 01DashboardContentPeopleMessagesAnnouncementsAboutClassesMessagesSupportWEEK TWO: LICENSING AND DISTRIBUTION2.3 Project 2: Supporting Materials-Media ContentDue Sun Dec 5 @ 11:59 pm EST • 20% weightASSIGNMENTACTIVITYPROJECT 2: SUPPORTING MATERIALS: MEDIA CONTENTObjectives:• Create supporting material relevant to your creative content and appropriate for submission to an agent.• Review templates and research appropriate content for inclusion in a book proposal, press kit, television treatment, film treatment, or game treatment.After having secured an appropriate and interested agent, the content creator must then prepare supporting materials for submission to the agent. The agent will review these materials in an effort to decide (1) whether he or she wishes to take on the creator as a client and (2) whether a sales package can be developed from these materials for a publishing, licensing, distribution, buy-out or option deal. As you create your supporting materials, consider the following:• Who is your potential audience? • Do these materials present your content in an exciting and persuasive way? • Do your materials suggest ways in which the content can prove itself, commercially, and/or offer options on how to market it?Instructions: 1. Based on your particular creative content, select the appropriate form of supporting material needed for this project; specifically, if you chose a book, create a book proposal; for music, create a press kit; for film, create a film treatment; for television, create a television treatment; and for games, create a game treatment. Please note: for those of you who are creating treatments, you will be only be creating the simpler presentation treatment (i.e., no one should be trying to create the more elaborate original draft treatment, film bible, or game design document).2. Use industry-specific templates for your materials. You can find these templates located in the Appendix of the textbook. Included are templates for: a book proposal, game presentation treatment, film presentation treatment, and TV presentation treatment.3. If you are working on a press kit, you may your own existing kit or create a new, original mockup for the project. If you are using your own existing kit, you must still have the following minimum number of elements, which may require modification for submission: a bio for the artist/composer/producer and/or bio for all band/group members; equipment list; gig list; photos; music roster; place for demo recordings; and promotional/marketing materials. For those without an existing kit, you may either create a mockup press kit in Keynote, Word, Pages or other appropriate software or create an electronic press kit using a site such as powerpresskits.com, reverberation.com, etc. The kit does not have to provide a working demo (simply provide a placeholder for it), but you may certainly provide one if you have it. Important elements of a press kit can be found in the Appendix.4. For this project, feel free to use outside resources as well as the materials provided in the Appendix of your text, including: press kit materials, sample book proposal, sample film treatment, sample TV treatment, or sample game documentation.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XCVd20fQAaA[supanova_question]

## Supporting Media Content

Writing Assignment Help LogoTyrese Dampier’s profile imageKimberly Craft’s profile imageTerm C202112Section 01DashboardContentPeopleMessagesAnnouncementsAboutClassesMessagesSupportWEEK TWO: LICENSING AND DISTRIBUTION2.3 Project 2: Supporting Materials-Media ContentDue Sun Dec 5 @ 11:59 pm EST • 20% weightASSIGNMENTACTIVITYPROJECT 2: SUPPORTING MATERIALS: MEDIA CONTENTObjectives:• Create supporting material relevant to your creative content and appropriate for submission to an agent.• Review templates and research appropriate content for inclusion in a book proposal, press kit, television treatment, film treatment, or game treatment.After having secured an appropriate and interested agent, the content creator must then prepare supporting materials for submission to the agent. The agent will review these materials in an effort to decide (1) whether he or she wishes to take on the creator as a client and (2) whether a sales package can be developed from these materials for a publishing, licensing, distribution, buy-out or option deal. As you create your supporting materials, consider the following:• Who is your potential audience? • Do these materials present your content in an exciting and persuasive way? • Do your materials suggest ways in which the content can prove itself, commercially, and/or offer options on how to market it?Instructions: 1. Based on your particular creative content, select the appropriate form of supporting material needed for this project; specifically, if you chose a book, create a book proposal; for music, create a press kit; for film, create a film treatment; for television, create a television treatment; and for games, create a game treatment. Please note: for those of you who are creating treatments, you will be only be creating the simpler presentation treatment (i.e., no one should be trying to create the more elaborate original draft treatment, film bible, or game design document).2. Use industry-specific templates for your materials. You can find these templates located in the Appendix of the textbook. Included are templates for: a book proposal, game presentation treatment, film presentation treatment, and TV presentation treatment.3. If you are working on a press kit, you may your own existing kit or create a new, original mockup for the project. If you are using your own existing kit, you must still have the following minimum number of elements, which may require modification for submission: a bio for the artist/composer/producer and/or bio for all band/group members; equipment list; gig list; photos; music roster; place for demo recordings; and promotional/marketing materials. For those without an existing kit, you may either create a mockup press kit in Keynote, Word, Pages or other appropriate software or create an electronic press kit using a site such as powerpresskits.com, reverberation.com, etc. The kit does not have to provide a working demo (simply provide a placeholder for it), but you may certainly provide one if you have it. Important elements of a press kit can be found in the Appendix.4. For this project, feel free to use outside resources as well as the materials provided in the Appendix of your text, including: press kit materials, sample book proposal, sample film treatment, sample TV treatment, or sample game documentation.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XCVd20fQAaA https://onlyassignmenthelp.com/index.php/2021/11/30/math-homework-objective-11-15-by-november-30-at-9-am/ [supanova_question]

## Surname 3 Student’s Name Professor’s Name Subject Date Effects of Product Development

Surname 3

Student’s Name

Professor’s Name

Subject

Date

Effects of Product Development Process

The new product development method can improve the performance of the process. New Product development is the best practice used in an organization in the development of the projects. The culture of the company can influence the development of new products featuring the technology and the project. The success of developing a product method depends on the specific uniqueness of a company. The managers of an organization must be aware of the shortcomings of the development of a product to determine if the practice will achieve the organization’s expectations. Sometimes managers of organizations may be unfamiliar with the primary disadvantages product development process, thus affecting the survey of the main defective of the process (Echeveste et al.). The process of diagnosing the development process of a product provides a chance for a new perspective in an organization.

Before developing a new product, the organization must survey to identify its importance in a company. The product survey helps the company identify the importance of the product and group them according to the similarities. The factorial analysis is done and validation of experts while doing the survey. The analysis to measure the result of developing the products is done by using output variables of financial return. While surveying the product, the managers should identify the frequency of use of the product, which helps in marketing. Successful companies should present the best management structures to determine the actual state of the process. Identifying and developing the new product is the best process before launching any new product in an organization.

After identifying the new product and doing a survey, the company managers collect data on the importance and problems that the company may face during the launching of the new product in a company. Managers of a company discuss the problems faced during the data collection of the products and can develop the possible solution by sharing knowledge and experiences among all participants. The discussion of the problems faced during data collection helps the company reduce the probability of company loss during the launching of the new products. The new product development process is vital to identify all the disadvantages a company may face when launching a new product. Identification of customer requirements may boost the success of developing a new product. Data collection is vital to measure the association between the customer requirements and the new product.

Work Cited

Echeveste, Márcia Elisa S., et al. ‘Customizing Practices Based on the Frequency of Problems in New Product Development Process’. Concurrent Engineering, vol. 25, no. 3, SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2017, pp. 245–61.[supanova_question]

## China remains the world’s largest automotive manufacturing country and automotive market since

China remains the world’s largest automotive manufacturing country and automotive market since 2009. As of 2020, car sales in China was 20.2 million units that accounts for 38.33% of the world’s car sales.

1.3 million electric vehicles (EVs) were sold in China in 2020 on a year-on-year (y/y) growth of 8% and this represented 41% of global EV sales.

The end of China’s lockdown, coupled with the government’s strengthened policy frameworks, triggered a rebound in EV demand, which is now growing by 40% y/y. In December 2020, EV sales reached a historic peak of 248,000 units, up 52% y/y.

The Chinese EV market in 2020 was mainly focused on two vehicles: the made-in-China Tesla Model 3, the market leader in the first half of 2020, and the Hongguang Mini EV from the SGMW joint venture (SAIC, General Motors and Wuling), the market leader in the second half of 2020, which only launched mid-year. If it had not been for the huge success of these two very different EVs, the Chinese EV market would have declined in 2020. These two models represented one in five of all EVs sold in China.

Production of the Hongguang Mini EV has been increased to keep up with demand, particularly from young Chinese urbanites. Other small, more affordable city cars, such as the Baojun E-Series from SGMW and the Ora R1 from Great Wall Motors (GWM) which is touted as the world’s cheapest EV, are also proving very popular.

2020 also saw policy updates that will accelerate the adoption of EVs, even as vehicle price subsidies are phased out.

Beginning 2021, mandatory emission quotas for internal combustion engines (ICE) and EVs are being tightened to help EVs reach 20% of new car sales by 2025; this equates to around 6 million units a year, from 1.3 million in 2020. Automakers in China are obliged to manufacture new energy vehicles (NEVs), including all-electric, plug-in hybrid and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, to win “points” to make up for a portion of the negative points they incur when they produce internal combustion engine vehicles.

By 2035, EVs are expected to account for 50% of all new car sales, according to the government’s ‘Energy-saving and New Energy Vehicle Technology Roadmap 2.0’. This sets out how China’s automotive industry will be transformed into a largely electric and hybrid industry.

Meanwhile, the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles could fall short of what is needed and the price of EVs might remain too high for both consumers and manufacturers. At present, most car manufacturers are not selling EVs at a profit.[supanova_question]